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Medical Quiz #13 – Answers

by Suzanne Daniluk, RN on August 1st, 2012

What famous doctor or nurse is responsible for these contributions:

1.  Inventor of the inkblot test

D: Dr. Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922), Swiss psychiatrist and Brad Pitt doppleganger, was the son of an art teacher who dabbled in inkblot art before attending medical school.

2.  Founder of the American Red Cross

E: Clara Barton (1821-1912), a teacher and patent clerk turned nurse, brought medical supplies to battlefields before she established the American branch of the Red Cross.

3.  Pioneer of the prefrontal lobotomy

A: Dr. Walter Freeman (1895 – 1972), American psychiatrist; performed almost 3,500 lobotomies before being discredited, traveling in his “lobotomobile” for procedures on the go. For more information, click here and here. One of his patients, Howard Dully, age 12 at the time, later wrote a memoir entitled My Lobotomy.

4.   Administered the first successful blood transfusion

C: Dr. James Blundell (1791-1878), British obstetrician. Prior unsuccessful transfusions had been attempted in humans using animal blood.

5.  Civil War nurse

F: Walt Whitman (1819-1892). The poet was also a volunteer Civil War nurse, working in Army hospitals and writing about his experiences.

6.  Advocate for mental asylum standards

B: Dorothea Dix (1802-1887), was Superintendent of Army Nurses during the Civil War, known for her equal treatment of both Union and Confederate wounded soldiers.  Before the war, she had documented deplorable conditions of the indigent mentally ill and crusaded for reforms.

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